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What Is An Audit?

An audit is when an auditor examines or inspects several account books, preceded by a physical inventory review, to ensure that all sectors adopt a prescribed procedure of documenting activities. The audit can be carried out independently by company workers or privately by a body of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs).

Deeper Definition

The terminology audit describes the study and verification of an organization’s financial documents in accounting. Its purpose is to guarantee that financial data is published relatively and truthfully. Audits are also carried out to check that financial reports are produced in conformity with accounting rules.

An audit can encompass the entire company or focus on a single department, technique, or manufacturing step.

The following are the three primary categories of audits:

External Audits: External audits are conducted by outside organizations and third parties, and they are critical in eradicating any misrepresentations or bias when examining a company’s financials.

Internal Audits: Internal audits are conducted by auditors recruited by the firm or organization being audited. The internal audit is sent directly to the administration and the body of executives of the firm.

An internal audit’s goal is to guarantee that rules and regulations are followed and ensure that financial reports and data collecting are accurate and consistent. The internal audit’s findings are utilized to make managerial changes and enhance internal procedures.

Government Audits: Government audits are conducted to verify that a firm’s financial reports are completed correctly and that the company’s taxable revenue is not misrepresented.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of the United States conducts audits to ensure that a taxpayer’s tax records and transactions are accurate. When the IRS audits a person or corporation, it generally has a negative sense and is viewed as proof of the taxpayer’s misconduct, but it is not necessarily true.

Audit Example

A machinery company that observed a discrepancy in their income hired someone to get the account reports for each department and double-check the financial records to comprehend how the company’s money is ultimately funneled. The auditor is the name given to this person.

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